lower back pain
Lower back pain is one of the most prevalent of all musculoskeletal conditions in Australia. It is usually low in intensity and low in its pain causing disability, however many Australians will be significantly disabled by lower back pain.
The spine is made up of four regions
The Cervical spine (neck), which is made up of 7 bones or vertebrae and is referred to the C spine.
The Thoracic spine (upper back) which is made up of 12 bones or vertebrae and is referred to the T spine.
The Lumbar Spine (lower back) which is made up of 5 bones or vertebrae and is referred to the L spine.
The Pelvic spine (tailbone area) which consists of several fused vertebrae.
There are two common types of back pain: Acute and Chronic
Acute or short-term pain usually resolves in a short time frame. This time frame can vary on the type of injury but generally lasts from a few days to a few weeks. Acute pain conditions can become serious if left untreated.
Chronic or long term pain exists if pain and symptoms usually persist for longer than three months. This pain is usually progressive and in most cases the specific cause of the pain is difficult to determine.
There are several causes to lower back pain.
Some common causes include:
• Disc bulges
• Muscle or ligament strains
• Muscle tension
• Traumas such as fractures
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